Coffee came to India, through a Saint named BABA BUDAN, Baba Budan while on a pilgrimage trip to MECCA, tasted this elixir, and carried a few coffee beans along with him. This was planted at Baba Budan Giris a hilly region in CHICKMAGALUR, Karnataka and thus started its journey, sometime in the early 19th century. Coffee is a plantation crop and is grown in the Western Ghats. Karnataka is the largest producer of coffee with 65% share, next is the state of Kerala with 25%, 5% from Tamil Nadu and rest from Non Coffee growing Areas like Araku Valley in Andhra Pradesh, and a few in North Eastern states of Nagaland and Meghalaya. Tamil Nadu is the largest Consumer of Coffee and South Indians prefer COFFEE TO TEA.
People of south India wake up to this Tradition and ritual followed everyday in the morning. Green Coffee used to be roasted at home as this was available in limited quantities through India coffee board branches in south India. The raw coffee was roasted in the night and early in the morning the roasted beans where ground using a HAND OPERATED stone grinder. With freshly drawn milk from the COW, this drink was enjoyed by every family.
Coffee is a single harvest Plantation Cash Crop in India. Karnataka, kerala and Tamil Nadu are the largest producers of coffee in India. Both Arabica and Robusta are grown in India around 60-70% is Arabica and the rest is Robusta. Robusta is grown is Kerala and a few places in Chickmagalur, COORG of Karnataka. Around 95% of Coffee plantation is controlled and maintained by small growers and SHG (Self-Help-group). The rest are managed by other business groups. The India Coffee Board a government institution gives a lending hand for the Coffee planters in production of new varieties, Pest Management etc. The coffee board has its head office in Bangalore, Karnataka. Coffee is auctioned at the coffee board on Thursday every week.